Our goal is to build an optically-connected network of many (small) quantum computers. Such a network enables the exchange of quantum bits between any of the connected quantum processors in order to solve problems that are intractable classically.
A quantum network in which the processors are located at different geographical locations is called a quantum Internet. Our goal is to develop the technology to enable quantum communication between any two places on earth. One application of such a quantum internet is to provide a fundamentally secure way of communication in which privacy is guaranteed by the laws of physics.
Quantum processors can also be connected into a quantum network in order to assemble a large quantum computing cluster. This approach is called networked quantum computing and offers a natural path towards scalability. Combining a quantum internet and a networked quantum computer finally allows remote users/providers to perform secure quantum computing “in the cloud”.
Working towards a networked quantum computer, the first milestone is to develop quantum error correction. Quantum error correction is essential for large-scale quantum systems. By encoding a logical quantum bit in multiple physical qubits it becomes possible to detect and correct errors so that the quantum system becomes more stable with increasing size. We have recently demonstrated the first complete cycle of quantum error correction using a 4-qubit diamond processor. In the next years, we aim to realize a logical qubit that is protected against all types of quantum errors. A second milestone is to demonstrate the use of a networked quantum computer to execute a small-scale distributed quantum algorithm.
Working towards a quantum Internet, the five-year objective of the roadmap is a rudimentary multi-node quantum Internet that connects four different cities in the Netherlands. Recently, we passed an important milestone towards this goal: the first “loophole-free Bell test”. In a loophole-free Bell test two remote systems – in our case 1.3 kilometers apart – show correlations that defy any explanation through classical physics. In addition to its fundamental importance for our worldview, this experiment directly distributes an intrinsically secure random key for communication. Importantly, because all loopholes are closed, it is impossible for an eavesdropper to intercept or fake the key without being noticed.
Along the road to a quantum Internet, there are several milestones. The most important is overcoming the inevitable imperfections in the quantum processors and connections through techniques such as quantum repeaters. A quantum repeater is the basic unit needed for extending quantum networks over longer distances. We aim to demonstrate the quantum repeater principle within the next years by connecting two nodes more than 1 km apart via several rounds of entanglement generation and purification.
This roadmap is also the coordinator of The Quantum Internet Alliance (QIA), a collaboration of 23 European partners from academia and industry with the objective of further developing all necessary components of a quantum internet. The aim is to make concrete steps in advancing the technology for realization and market readiness. The project encompasses aspects including end-node hardware, network repeater hardware, quantum network control and applications, integration and blueprint development. More information and news can be found on the QIA website and twitter @eu_ia.
19 June 2019KPN and QuTech join forces to make quantum internet a reality
KPN and QuTech signed a new cooperative agreement, to work together on making quantum internet a reality. KPN will be…Read more
18 October 2018QuTech researchers put forward a roadmap for quantum internet development
A quantum internet may very well be the first quantum information technology to become reality. Researchers at QuTech in Delft,…Read more
13 June 2018Delft scientists make first ‘on demand’ entanglement link
Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is…Read more
09 January 2018Wolfgang Tittel joins QuTech Quantum Internet team
We are proud to announce that, starting April 2018, prof. dr. Wolfgang Tittel will join QuTech in the development of…Read more
09 October 2017New Quantum Helix Entangles Researchers and Companies in Vision2020
Today, professor Stephanie Wehner kicked off the Quantum Helix initiative at QuTech in Delft. This initiative, within the Horizon 2020…Read more
01 June 2017One step closer to the quantum internet by distillation
Scientists all over the world are working towards new methods to realize an unhackable internet, an internet based on quantum…Read more
08 May 2017Quantum Software Consortium receives 18.8 million euro in the Gravitation Program
The ministry for Education, Culture and Science has awarded a Gravitation grant for large-scale research on quantum software. This grant…Read more
30 June 2016Ronald Hanson genomineerd voor de De Huibregtsenprijs 2016
De Huibregtsenprijs is bestemd voor een onderzoeksproject dat wetenschappelijk vernieuwend is en dat zicht biedt op een maatschappelijke toepassing. Uit…Read more
05 May 2016Researchers demonstrate error-corrected building block of a quantum computer
Quantum computers are based on qubits that, unlike classical bits, can not only take the values 0 or 1 but…Read more
12 June 20152015 Fresnel Prize for fundamental aspects is awarded to Tim Taminiau
These are the two EPS/QEOD prizes awarded for outstanding contributions to quantum electronics and optics made by young scientists before…Read more
11 February 2015Wetenschap Vandaag | Hoe efficiënt is die nano-machine?
Onderzoekers uit Delft hebben een belangrijke stap gezet voor de ontwikkeling van nano-machines, dus machientjes op het formaat van een…Read more